The Big Ideas of Reading

  • Phonemic awareness

    • Understanding that words are made up of sounds

    Phonics (alphabetic principle)

    • Understanding letter represent sounds and words are made up of sounds


    • The ability to read with automaticity


    • Understanding the meaning of words


    • Understanding meaning between the text and the reader

    Students need to have a strong development in all areas, with the focus beginning with phonemic awareness and phonics, and then progressing focus to fluency, vocabulary and comprehension as reading develops.