Did something happen to you and you're not sure what to do? Consider contacting a confidential advocate FIRST using this direct line for PPS students (available in Spanish/English). Advocates provide free, confidential support and referral to PPS youth of all genders who are experiencing any form of abuse, dating or sexual violence, (cyber)stalking and/or harassment, bullying or discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity or other protected class under the law. Click here to learn more about this unique, one-of-a-kind partnership.
Title IX - Resources for Students and Parents
Portland Public Schools is dedicated to ensuring that all complaints of gender discrimination are investigated thoroughly. The health and safety of the school community is of paramount importance to us and so if you have been a victim of or know of an incident of discrimination or harassment, please contact Dr. Liane O'Banion, the District’s Title IX Director immediately at 503.568.2646, firstname.lastname@example.org or report to PPS or Safe Oregon.
If you are in imminent danger, have recently been assaulted, and/or are in need of medical attention, please call 911.
SURVIVOR RESOURCES: Click here for an updated, printable list of advocacy, support & crisis resources (Feb 2021)
Male Survivors: Sexual assault can happen to anyone, no matter your age, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Men and boys who have been sexually assaulted or abused may have many of the same feelings and reactions as other survivors of sexual assault, but they may also face some additional challenges because of social attitudes and stereotypes about men and masculinity. Click here for resources for male survivors
CONFIDENTIAL ADVOCACY: You do not have to go through this alone. We encourage PPS students of all genders to connect with a confidential advocate early in the process. See info at top of this webpage.
SCHOOL COMPLIANCE OFFICERS
Each PPS school has a School Compliance Officer (SCO). The SCO is the building point of contract to 1) receive all school-based reports of bullying, harassment & discrimination; 2) conduct safety planning for impacted student(s); 3) act as the main point of contact for Title IX reports, investigations & associated interventions; and 4) ensures all incidents are cross-reported to DHS, Title IX, etc as needed and appropriate.
2020-21 List of School Compliance Officers (updated list for 2021-22 will be posted by mid-September).
Use tabs at bottom of the spreadsheet to find your school. You may always report using the PPS Title IX report button and info will be forwarded to the identified staff member.
FIND A SAFE PLACE - TELL A TRUSTED ADULT - CALL AN ADVOCATE - REPORT
What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (TIX) is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender in all education programs and activities. Title IX keeps kids safe and in school by reducing barriers and protecting students from an environment that interferes with educational programs or activities or that creates an intimidating, offensive, or hostile educational climate. Title IX applies to all PPS students, staff, and third-parties regardless of the holiday, extended school closure, or modification of the educational environment such as remote or hybrid learning. The bottom line? When sex-based discrimination or harassment interferes with the learning environment or the ability to safely access public education, schools have a responsibility to respond.
The U.S. Office of Civil Rights (OCR) is responsible for ensuring that schools follow Title IX rules. The following 37 words remain unchanged from 1972 (the year Title IX was passed):
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
What Does Title IX Prohibit?
How Can I Report Discrimination or Harassment?
Any PPS employee, student, parent, community member, concerned citizen, or other individual is encouraged to report. Keeping schools safe for all students requires us to look out for one another - if you see something, say something!
Remember - a student can not be disciplined for making a report in good faith even if during the course of the incident they engaged in something that would otherwise be considered against school policy (such as consuming alcohol or drugs). This is to ensure students can report without fear of consequences or retaliation for doing so.
There are options for how you report.
Click here to report to PPS: report goes directly to PPS Title IX Director who will consult with w/designated school administrator (usually the principal or vice-principal) and together, will act accordingly.
Click here to report to Safe Oregon: tip line cross reports to DHS, Portland Police, and PPS as necessary.
What if I've Been Harmed? Info for Complainants
The reporting party (or "complainant") is the person alleged to have been harmed by another person. You do not have to go through this alone. If you experienced harm or trauma, please make sure to reach out to advocacy, support, or community resources or the PPS Safe Relationships Hotline. It is important to address your emotional and/or physical needs first; once you are safe, you can alert the district or Safe Oregon about what occurred. Confidential (and mobile) advocacy are offered through a PPS partnership with Raphael House and VOA Homefree.
The priority of Title IX policy and response is student safety. Once you let PPS know what happened, we will take immediate steps to ensure both parties (if applicable) are safe and protected from further harm. This may include a request that the parties cease communication and/or the implementation of immediate interim safety measures in your school building. Depending on the severity and type of discrimination alleged, a school-based investigation may begin. Families are encouraged to consult with law enforcement if they believe a crime may have occurred; however, a law enforcement investigation does not substitute for a school-based investigation (and vice-versa). Whether or not to notify law enforcement is the full discretion of the impacted party and their family. If child abuse or neglect is suspected, the administrator will report to the DHS statewide child abuse reporting hotline as required by law.
What if I am Accused? Info for Respondents
The responding party (or "respondent") is the person alleged to have harmed another person. The priority of Title IX policy and response is student safety. Once an incident is formally reported to the school, we will take immediate steps to ensure both parties are safe and protected from further harm. This may include a request that the parties cease communication and/or the implementation of immediate interim safety or supportive measures in your school building or online. Depending on the severity and type of discrimination alleged, a school-based investigation may begin.
If it is determined that a Title IX investigation is appropriate, you will be notified by a school administrator or Title IX designee about the nature of the allegation and your rights under Title IX. Under Title IX and the U.S. Constitution, everyone has a right to due process protections.
Title IX Investigations
A Title IX investigation aims to uncover the facts of what occurred to determine if Title IX or another PPS policy was violated. A neutral, impartial, and unbiased investigator (which may be the School Compliance Officer, school administrator, or Title IX Investigator) will ask all involved parties (including witnesses) questions about what happened in order to determine the facts of the case. Both parties equally have the opportunity to share what occurred from their perspective, offer names of relevant witnesses, and/or provide relevant documentary evidence such as text messages, DM's, photos, etc. In most cases, the complainant (reporting party) is interviewed first, followed by any witnesses. Next, the respondent is interviewed followed by any relevant witnesses.
Title IX & School Discipline
A school-based investigation is not the same as the criminal process; the most significant consequence that a school can apply is suspension or expulsion for a period of time. Expulsion is reserved for the most serious and dangerous behaviors.
Not all Title IX reports end in school discipline or consequences. In some cases, an informal resolution (such as restorative justice or educational intervention) may be appropriate (if agreed to by both parties and only if doing so would not create additional harm). In other cases, there may not be enough information to reach a conclusion based on the preponderance of the evidence standard (more likely than not). Each case is unique; regardless, the safety and well-being of every member of our school community is our top priority - that includes both complainant and respondent.
Scroll to the bottom of the page for links to applicable student policies and practices.
Retaliation or Intimidation
Once a report is formally made using one of the options above, it is strictly prohibited to retaliate, intimidate, harass or threaten the individual who reported the matter. The following are strictly prohibited:
- Threatening to harm, spread rumors, or other misinformation about the named student
- Intimidating or harassing behavior towards the named student
- Threats, coercion, or intimidation on your behalf by a third party (such as another PPS student) towards the named student
Any actions perceived as retaliatory should be immediately reported to the Title IX Director or principal and may be subject to disciplinary consequences.
Is there more to Title IX than Investigations?
YES! Title IX, when done well, spans from prevention to prompt, equitable disciplinary procedures and safety plans. The following Venn diagram illustrates some of the overlapping goals in a comprehensive Title IX framework. On the left-hand side (in yellow) is the individual who was harmed (complainant); on the right-hand side (in pink) is the individual alleged to have harmed another person (respondent). As you can see, there is a lot of overlap!
For a deeper dive into how sexual harassment and violence impact the educational environment and to view helpful resources, please visit the "Title IX Resources & Reading Room" tab on the bottom of this page.
34 CFR Part 106.45(b)(10) of the 2020 Title IX Regulations requires the public sharing of materials used to train Title IX Coordinators. Please see the "Title IX Resources & Reading Room" tab at the bottom of this page for specifics.
Want more information but not sure where to begin? Our team will consult with students, parents, staff or the community. Give us a call, send an email or follow us!
Resources for survivors, parents & students organized by theme:
Racism & Sexual Violence
SIRC - Information for Parents
Title IX: Sexual & Dating Violence, Consent & Healthy Relationships
Title IX: Bullying/Harassment Based on Sexual Orientation or Gender-Identity
Title IX: Pregnancy & Parenting Rights
Title IX: Protecting Kids (Child Sexual Abuse & Educator Sexual Misconduct)
Title IX Resources & Reading Room
SAFE (or SANE) Exams in Oregon (Rape Kit)
This webpage is a work-in-progress - send feedback or suggestions to email@example.com
PPS Title IX Team Contacts
24/7 Emergency or Crisis Resources
If you have been the victim of sexual, dating or domestic violence, there are many resources to support your healing & recovery.
Click here for a printable, comprehensive list of advocacy resources (compiled & maintained by PPS Title IX Office) or use the following:
Trevor Project (LGBTQIA+ youth)
Sexual Assault Resource Center (SARC)
(503) 988-4888 or
Other Student Success & Health Contacts:
Title IX Director
(503) 568-2646 (call/text)
School Counseling Program
In-School Community-Based Supports
Mobile/remote CONFIDENTIAL ADVOCACY is available.
Delivers quality, affordable, cost-effective health care to young people and function like a doctor's office located on school grounds.
Any youth in grades K-12 who live or go to school in Multnomah County can visit a school-based clinic. Click here to locate a clinic and find office hours.
Health Partnerships for mental and physical health and wellness, located in PPS schools