How might we ensure that a school that was created to be a Black cultural institution remains so even in the exploration of a new location?
PPS’ operational team considered several sites to be the new location for Tubman, but none were viable. KairosPDX recognized the need for an appropriate new home for Tubman and reached out to PPS to explore a partnership. KairosPDX, an educational nonprofit with a PPS-approved public charter school, holds a long-term lease in PPS’s former Humboldt building.
This partnership enables Portland Public Schools to study the possibility of the site KairosPDX currently sits on as well as the Jefferson High School South Lot. PPS and KairosPDX are committed to eliminating prolific racial achievement and opportunity gaps and will work with the community to explore location options.
Accordingly, our goal is to ensure the community is involved at every step of the process. When we collaborate and share ideas and dreams, everyone has a chance to shape our vision for Black student excellence.
The Portland School Board unanimously approves a historic partnership agreement with community-based organizations, launching a process to make the CBSE a reality.
In the fall of 2021, the operational side of PPS was instructed by the PPS Facilities and Operations Committee to begin a process to study viable sites for the future Harriet Tubman Middle School in response to the Oregon Department of Transportation’s (ODOT) decision to expand I-5.
Resolution 6354 Protecting PPS Students, Staff, and Communities in Oregon Department of Transportation’s I-5 Rose Quarter Project
Portland voters overwhelmingly support the extension of a property tax to support school improvements and renovations, Jefferson High School renovation, and the creation of a Center for Black Student Excellence (CBSE). Separately, the state agreed to pay to relocate HTMS because of the widening of Interstate 5 in the Rose Quarter and concerns about the air quality.
Air quality at Tubman resurfaces as a concern as city and state regulators investigate pollution concerns due to toxic air emissions from a nearby glass manufacturer.
The Young Women’s Academy closes because of low enrollment.
Tubman's air quality is studied for the first time as the Environmental Protection Agency places air monitors nearby. The Harriet Tubman Young Women's Academy, a magnet program, begins operations at the site.
The School Board reverses its decision and places the Harriet Tubman Middle School at the Boise site, dismantling the last elementary school within the Black community. This is done over the objections of Superintendent Matthew Prophet and many community organizations.
The Black United Front and its supporters organize protests against the Portland School Board’s reversal of the Tubman decision.
The School Board files suit against the Black United Front and its supporters. The Board subsequently agrees to mediation with Black community leaders, and through this process, reinstates their plan to locate Harriet Tubman Middle School at the Eliot site as originally promised.
To replace the busing program, the Portland School Board establishes plans to establish desegregated schools throughout Portland. Under the plan, Harriet Tubman Middle School would be located at the Eliot Childhood Education Center, near Memorial Coliseum. Locating Tubman Middle School at the Eliot Center site would allow the last K-8 school within the black community, Boise Elementary School, to remain open.
The City of Portland initiates the Office of Neighborhood Associations (now the Office of Community & Civic Life); Lower Albina is not granted a neighborhood association, as smaller neighborhoods in Boise, Eliot and Lloyd organize their own associations.
The Model Cities Program, funded by the federal government, is implemented in Lower Albina to revitalize the area, with mixed success. Albina Art Center and Albina Corporation are formed to create jobs and enrich cultural life in the neighborhood.
The Oregon Department of Transportation expands I-5 through Albina, in the heart of Portland's black community, demolishing hundreds of homes and severing streets in the process.
Portland Public Schools initiates busing programs, and the impact of busing falls mostly on Black families who see their children going to school in other neighborhoods. However, there is no corresponding effort to see that Black students thrive in other schools or that their test scores improve. Busing systematically lowered enrollment numbers at schools in Black communities – leading school leaders to justify closing these schools.
A new neighborhood school at 2231 North Flint Avenue in Portland opens as Eliot Elementary.