Schools must prepare to deal with the same types of emergencies that threaten any work place or home. Fires, natural disasters, contagious diseases and increasingly, criminal activity require preventive and response measures.
THE FOUR PHASES OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTPrevention-Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. These should be incorporated into all school, district, or campus emergency management plans. The phases are defined as:
- Prevention-Mitigation:Identifying all potential hazards and vulnerabilities and reducing the potential damage they can cause;
- Preparedness:Collaborating with community partners to develop plans and protocols to prepare for the possibility that the identified hazards, vulnerabilities or emergencies will occur;
- Response:Working closely with first responders and community partners to effectively contain and resolve an emergency in, or around, a school or campus; and
- Recovery: Teaming with community partners to assist students and staff in the healing process, and restore a healthy and safe learning environment following an emergency event.